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Friday, December 15, 2017

Assignment Guides


Fair Lawn High School 


Francophone Inventions and Inventors 

Information Sources



First Information Sources          Library Books           eBooks         Websites          Questions 


First Information Sources
gale biographies gale virtual reference library  factsonfilesciencelogo 
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Gale MLA 7th first two lines
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Outside of Schooll
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Books are set aside in the Library
cool stuff and how it works greatest inventions of the last 2000 years evolution of useful things
600 COO 609 GRE 609 PET

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Try these eBooks

helicopters milestones in science and technology why didnt I think of that 100 military inventions
eBook  358.4 MCG eBook 500 MIL eBook 600 RUB eBook 623 GRE

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About Etch A Sketch | Ohio Art Ohio Art, the manufacturer of the Etch A Sketch, provides the history of the toy and its inventor, André Cassagnes. 
André Cassagnes Dies at 86; His Etch A Sketch Shook Up the Toy World - NYTimes.com The New York Times article by Margalit Fox which appeared after André Cassagnes death in 2013.

Andre Jacques Garnerin and his Parachute

An excerpt from From Adventures in the Air: Being Memorable Experiences of Great Aeronauts by Wilfrid Fonvielle, which was published in 1877, which discusses the career of Andre Jacques Garnerin.

Arthur Sicard - Today's Canadian Birthdays - Canada Biography

The Canada Channel provides a detailed biography on Arthur Sicard, the inventor of the snowblower.

Baby's arrival inspires birth of cellphone camera and societal evolution - USATODAY.com

Kevin Maney in his Technology column in USA Today from 2007 features Philipe Kahn and the story behind his invention of the cell-cam.

Ballooning: A History, 1782-1900 By S.L. Kotar, J.E. Gessler “The Parachute” is a chapter from the book, Ballooning: A History, 1782-1900, which discusses Lenormand parachute and jump.
Barometer Fair History of the Barometer A description of the aneroid barometer from Barometer Fair which sells and restores barometers.
“Barometer” Instruments of Science: An Historical Encyclopedia - Google Books
On page 54 of his article on the barometer, Theodore Feldman explains the aneroid barometer by Lucien Vidie.  This article was published in the Instruments of Science: An Historical Encyclopedia which was published by Taylor & Francis in 1998.
Bicycles History Magazine  

Will and Terra Hangen’s article on the history of the bicycle in the History Magazine includes Count Mede de Sivrac.

Bicycles Past and Future

Diane W. Kirkpatrick’s article in the May 1982 issue of Boy’s Life has a brief explanation of Comte Mede de Sivrac’s bicycle.

Biography – DUQUET, CYRILLE – Volume XV (1921-1930) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography

A detailed biography of Cyrille Duquet and his invention.

Bonjour Paris - André-Jacques Garnerin: The Parachutist of Parc Monceau Information on André-Jacques Garnerin and his landing spot in Paris. 
Breguet-Richet Gyroplane Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures Photos, video and specifications for the Breguet-Richet Gyroplane from the Living Warbirds site. 
Breguet-Richet Gyroplane No.1 helicopter - development history, photos, technical data

An article on Louis Breguet’s helicopter based on information from K.Munson "Helicopters And Other Rotorcraft Since 1907", 1968 and G.Apostolo "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Helicopters", 1984.

A Brief History of Measurement Systems Scroll down to page 3 for a clear explanation of the history of the metric system. 
Cassegrain Telescope Wolfram Demonstrations Project   Demonstration of the telescope from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project.
Charles hydrogen balloon

Biographical information on Jacque Charles from the Century of Flight website.

Charles Richet - Biographical


Biographical information on Charles Richet who in addition to his work with Louis Breguet, won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1913. This information is provided by the Nobelprize.org, The Official Website of the Nobel Prize.

Charles Robert Richet Whonamedit - dictionary of medical eponym
Biographical and career information on Charles Robert Richet provided by C. Picard, his great granddaughter.

Chris Haney, an Inventor of Trivial Pursuit, Dies at 59

Douglas Martin’s article in the New York Times which was published after Chris Haney’s death in 2012. 

Computerized Braille - Outstanding Canadian Achievements Since 1968 RachBund-CHC2D-M20-U5

Explains the work of Roland Galarneau, a French Canadian, who invented computerized braille.
Conté à Paris - History

Conté à Paris, the Paris company which manufactures pencils and crayons, explains its history beginning with its founder, Nicolas Conte. 
Conte' - Crayon History


A brief history of Nicolas-Jacques Conte’s invention of crayons with lots of photographs. 

Converto-Braille - History


Detailed web page on the Converto-Braille and its inventor, Roland Galarneau from IEEE (the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Canada. 
Cyrille Duquet Inventor of Telephone Handset This article provides biographical information on Cyrille Duquet along with information on his invention.

The Earl of Chardonnet

Detailed information on the Earl of Chardonnet who invented artificial silk or rayon.


An explanation of the praxinoscope and Emile Reynaud.

The Early Reflecting Telescope:Cassegrain, Mersenne, and Cavalieri

This site explains the Cassegrain telescope and the background of its inventor.

The Etch-A-Sketch

Information on the Etch-A-Sketch from Mary Bellis, About.com’s Inventor expert.

Famous French Inventors

Detailed information twelve French inventors from bio.com

Foucault biography


An excellent article on Foucault from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive at St. Andrews University in Scotland. 
Gaston Plante and The Lead Acid battery The Battery Facts site explains Plante’s invention. 

Georges Leclanché - Chemistry Encyclopedia

This encyclopedia article by Bartow Culp provides information on Lechanché’s life and his dry cell battery. 

Geothermal energy 116 Success Secrets - 116 Most Asked Questions On ... - Sara Walters - Google Books

Sara Walters in her book, Geothermal Energy 116 Success Secrets - 116 Most Asked Questions on Geothermal Energy, presents information François de Larderel’s work.

Hilaire Chardonnet Chemistry: Foundations and Applications" >Chemistry Explained

This encyclopedia article explains the work of Hilaire Chardonnet who invented artificial silk or rayon.


History of batteries: their invention and development

Scroll down to 1866 to learn about Leclanché ‘s battery.

History of Hydrogen Balloons - Jacques Charles

Information on Jacques Charles’ hydrogen balloon from Mary Bellis, About.com’s Inventor expert.

The History of Peanut Butter | At Your Library

This article explains Marcellus Gilmore Edson’s patent for peanut butter. 

The History of Snowblowers  - Snowblower.com

Snowblower.com, a site providing information to snowblower owners, offers information on the history of the snowblower. 

The History of Trivial Pursuit

Mary Bellis, About.com’s Inventors Expert, provides a short history of Trivial Pursuit and its inventors. 

How Léon Foucault taught us to watch the world spin (+video) - CSMonitor.com

An article by Chris Gaylord in the Christian Science Monitor in 2013 which outlines Foucault’s accomplishments.

How aneroid barometer is made - history, used, parts, components, product, History, Raw Materials, Design, The Manufacturing Process of aneroid barometer, Quality Control, Byproducts/Waste

A clear explanation of the aneroid barometer from the How Things Are Made website. 

How parachute is made - material, manufacture, making, history, used, parts, components, structure, machine, History, Raw Materials, Design, The Manufacturing Process of parachute, Quality Control

Detailed information on the parachute and Louis-Sebastien Lenormand from the How Things Are Made website.

Interchangeable Parts - Inventions - HISTORY.com


Article, videos and speeches on interchangeable parts from History.com. 

Jacques Charles - Chemistry Encyclopedia - reaction, gas, number

This encyclopedia article explains the work of Jacque Charles along with biographical information. 

Jean Baptiste Marie Meusnier

Detailed information on Jean Baptiste Marie Meusnier and his airship from the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission.

Jean-Baptiste Meusnier | Giorgio de Vera - Academia.edu

Giorgio de Vera, a student at the University of California, Berkeley, outlines Jean-Baptiste Meusnier’s life and career accomplishments. Check out his list of sources at the end of the presentation.

Joseph-Armand Bombardier

Biographical information on Joseph-Armand Bombardier from the site “The Canadian French-Speaking World and some of the people who have contributed to its greatness”. 

Joseph-Armand Bombardier | Historica Canada

Information on Joseph -Armand Bombardier from Historica Canada, an organization devoted to enhancing awareness of Canadian history and citizenship.  

LARDEREL, Francesco de

This is a detailed biography of the life and work of Francesco de Larderel by Lucy Fischer Frattarelli published in Biographical Dictionary of Italians.

Laurent Cassegrain

Biographical information on Laurent Cassegrain. 

Lead Acid Battery Electric Vehicles News


An explanation of lead acid batteries which were invented by Gaston Planté.

Louis Breguet, a French inventor, had given up on helicopters in 1907

Detailed information on Louis Breguet and his invention from the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission.

MagLab - Leclanché Cell – 1866

An explanation of Leclanché’s dry cell battery. 

Metric Metals Metric System History

Parker Steel Company explains the evolution of the metric system. 

Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics and You - Timeline - Jean-Bernard-Leon Foucault

Biographical and invention information on Jean Bernard Foucault. 

Musée Bombardier |  J-Armand Bombardier

Detailed biography of J-Armand Bombardier, the inventor of the snowmobile, from the Musée Bombardier. 

No. 1252: Interchangeable Parts


This is a episode transcript from the radio program, The Engines of Our Ingenuity which is produced by Houston Public Media.  The episode by John Lienhart focuses on interchangeable parts and Honore Blanc. 

Nylon: The Story of a Fashion Revolution : a Celebration of Design from Art ...

This section of the book, Nylon:  The Story of a Fashion Revolution explains Louis Chardonnet’s invention of rayon. 
Origin of the Metric System


This site explains the role of Gabriel Moutin in the start of the metric system and the official creation of the metric system in the late 1700s in France. 

Patent US306727 - Mabcellus g

The patent filed by Marcellus Edson with the United States Patent Office in 1884. 

Philippe Kahn CEO at Fullpower Technologies

A biography of Philippe Kahn who is the CEO of Fullpower, a technology company for wearable and IoT sensor-based solutions.
Praxinoscope - Museum of the History of Science : Museum of the History of Science 

A brief explanation of the praxinoscope.

Praxinoscope Strip - Emile Reynaud, ‘Le Jeu Du Volant’, 1877-1879 - Museum Victoria


View ‘Le Jeu du Volan’ which was done to view on the praxinoscope and learn about Emile Reynaud’s invention from the Museum Victoria site.

The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Invention of the Sewing Machine, by Grace Rogers Cooper Scroll down to page 11 in this eBook for information on Barthélemy Thimonnier’s sewing machine.
The Ranque-Hilsch Vortex Tube A paper by Giorgio De Vera on the vortex tube.  Read the Introduction and the History sections.

Reflecting telescopes | Instruments | AstroLab


An article on reflecting telescopes with information on the Laurent Cassegrain and his telescope from the Canada Virtual Museum.

Sewing Machines from the Past to the Present - Barthelemy Thimonnier Detailed information on Thimonnier and his invention which includes photographs. 
Shop at OPT -  Cassegrain Telescopes at OPT  - OPT Telescopes  OPT Telescopes which sells telescopes provides information on the background of the Cassegrain Telescope and how it works.

Sicard Group


Information on Arthur Sicard’s snowblower from the business that have descended from the invention. 

10 Inventions You Had No Idea Were French - French Morning

This article from the French Morning English Edition highlights French inventions. 
Tiny Pencil  Pencil Facts A history of the pencil with information on Nicholas Jacques Conte. 
Vortex Tube History Background on the vortex tube from EXAIR.com, a manufacturer of compressed air-operated products for industrial plants.
Who Invented the Snowblower? A brief article on Canadian Arthur Sicard and his invention of the "Sicard Snow Remover Snowblower" 

Who is Gaston Planté ?


This information on Gaston Planté  and his inventions is from the Battery Council International. 
Who Made That Hairdryer?  An article on Alexandre-Ferdinand Godefroy and his invention of the hair dryer from the New York Times that was published in 2013.
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Do you have a question? Need assistance?

If you are have difficulty finding information on your assigned topic or would like assistance with your Works Cited, please see Mrs. Parkinson in the Library or email her at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Requests should be submitted no less than 48 hours before the assignment is due. For questions on the assignment and its requirements, please contact Ms. Hughes.

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These sites have been selected for their relevance to the World Language curricula. These choices are consistent with the selection policies of the library, and with the print and non-print materials available there. Each site has been seen by the librarian and has been screened by the school's Internet filtering software. However, the library, Fair Lawn High School, and the Board of Education are not responsible for the content of these sites, which is subject to frequent change, nor for the content of any other sites to which these sites may be linked.